This day in history – November 12

• 1793 Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first Mayor of Paris, is guillotined.

• 1799 Andrew Ellicott makes the first known record of a meteor shower observation in the U.S, from a ship off the coast of Florida Keys.

• 1833 The great Leonid Meteor shower was recorded.

• 1847 Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, is the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.

Sir James Young Simpson

• 1859 Jules Leotard performs the first Flying Trapeze circus act (Paris) He also designed the garment that bears his name.

• 1910 First possible movie stunt: man jumps into the Hudson river from a burning balloon.

• 1923 In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to seize power on November 8.

• 1927 Leon Trotsky expelled from Soviet Communist Party, paving way for Joseph Stalin.

• 1933 First known photo of so-called Loch Ness monster is taken.

• 1933 Nazis receive 92 per cent of vote in Germany.

• 1945 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Cordell Hull (establishing UN).

• 1946 Walt Disney’s “Song Of South” released.

• 1954 Ellis Island, immigration station in NY Harbor, closed.

• 1956 Largest observed iceberg, 208 by 60 miles, 1st sighted.

• 1963 Train crash in Japan, kills 164.

• 1970 Scientists perform 1st artificial synthesis of a live cell.

• 1974 South Africa suspended from UN General Assembly over racial policies.

• 1984 Paul McCartney releases “We All Stand Together”.

• 2001 Taliban forces abandon Afghanistan’s capital Kabul, ahead of advancing Afghan Northern Alliance troops.

• 2001 In New York City, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300 on its way to the Dominican Republic, crashes minutes after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 260 on board and five on the ground.

• 2003 With 501 km/h (311 mph) Shanghai Transrapid sets up a new world record for commercial railway systems.

• 2015 Suicide bombings in Lebanon kill 43, Isis claim responsibility.

• 2016 Jackie Chan awarded honorary Oscar for his film achievements at 8th Annual Governors Awards ceremony.


Samantha Keogh

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