This day in history – November 13

• 1002 English king Ethelred II (the ‘Unready’) launches ‘St Brice’s Day’ massacre of Danish settlers.

• 1553 English Lady Jane Grey and Archbishop Thomas Cranmer accused of high treason.

Lady Jane Grey

• 1789 Ben Franklin writes “Nothing . . . certain but death & taxes”.

1841 James Braid first sees a demonstration of animal magnetism, which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls hypnosis.

• 1843 Mt Rainier in Washington State erupts.

1895 First shipment of canned pineapple from Hawaii.

• 1902 “Heart of Darkness” by Joseph Conrad is first published in one volume (previously serialized) by William Blackwood in Edinburgh.

• 1907 French cyclist Paul Cornu flies first helicopter (twin rotor).

• 1909 259 miners die in a fire at St Paul Mine at Cherry, Illinois.

• 1913 First modern elastic brassiere patented by Mary Phelps Jacob.

• 1938 America’s first saint, Mother Frances Cabrini, beatified.

• 1940 “Fantasia” animated film by Walt Disney, starring Leopold Stokowski and Deems Taylor, is released.

• 1946 First artificial snow produced from a natural cloud.

• 1952 False fingernails first sold.

• 1960 Fire in movie theater kills 152 children (Amude, Spain).

• 1965 “Yarmouth Castle” burns & sinks off Bahamas, killing 89.

• 1981 Ringo Starr releases “Wrack My Brains”.

File photo dated 11/01/08 of Ex-Beatle Ringo Starr. Photo: Peter Byrne/PA Wire

• 1987 1st condom commercial on British TV.

• 1989 Paul McCartney releases “Figure of 8” and “Ou Est Le Soleil”.

• 1993 7.1 seaquake east of Kamchatka, Russia.

• 1994 Sweden agrees to join European Union.

• 1995 “GoldenEye”, 17th James Bond film, starring Pierce Brosnan for the first time and Judi Dench as M, released.

• 1999 “Toy Story 2”, directed by John Lasseter, starring Tom Hanks and Tim Allen, premieres in the US.

• 2000 The Beatles release their compilation album “1” (2001 Billboard Album of the Year).

• 2001 War on Terrorism: In the first such act since World War II, US President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against foreigners suspected of connections to terrorist acts or planned acts on the United States.

• 2002 The oil tanker Prestige sinks off the Galician coast and causes a huge oil spill.

• 2002 Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq agrees to the terms of the UN Security Council Resolution 1441.

• 2002 Eminem releases single ‘Lose Yourself’ from soundtrack of 8 Mile, first rap song to win Academy Award Best Original Song.

• 2007 An explosion hits the south wing of the House of Representatives of the Philippines in Quezon City, killing four people, including Congressman Wahab Akbar, and wounding six.

• 2015 Terror attacks in Paris at three locations leave at least 129 dead. Isis claim responsibility.

Source: www.onthisday.com

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Samantha Keogh
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