This day in history – November 14

• 1524 Francisco Pizarro begins his 1st great expedition, near Colombia.

Samuel Pepys

• 1666 Samuel Pepys reports on 1st blood transfusion (between dogs).
• 1732 First professional librarian in north America, Louis Timothee, hired in Philadelphia.
• 1833 Charles Darwin departs by horse to Montevideo.
• 1834 William Thomson enters Glasgow University at 10 yrs 4 months.
• 1851 “Moby-Dick” by Herman Melville first published by Harper and Brothers in the US.•
• 1881 Charles J. Guiteau put on trial for the assassination of US President Garfield.
• 1883 “Treasure Island” by Robert Louis Stevensonis first published as a book by Cassell & Co.
• 1896 Power plant at Niagara Falls begins operation.
• 1904 King C Gillette patents Gillette razor blade.
• 1908 Albert Einstein presents his quantum theory of light.
• 1910 1st airplane flight from deck of a ship, Norfolk, Virginia

Tomáš Masaryk

• 1915 Tomáš Masaryk demands independence for Czechoslovakia.
• 1918 Republic of Czechoslovakia created with Tomáš Masaryk as its 1st president.
• 1927 World’s largest gas tank in Pittsburgh Penn explodes; 28 die.
• 1938 Dutch DC3 crashes at Schiphol, six die.
• 1939 Oil refinery fire kills 500 & destroys Lagunillas, Venezuela.
• 1946 Dutch Dakota flight to Schiphol crashes, kills 11.
• 1956 Hungarian revolt put down by Soviet invasion
• 1960 Ray Charles’ “Georgia On My Mind” reaches #1.

• 1960 Riot due to school integration in New Orleans.
• 1968 First European lung transplant.
• 1976 “Network”, directed by Sidney Lumet, starring Faye Dunaway, Peter Finch and William Holden, premieres in Los Angeles and New York City (Finch – Academy Awards Best Actor 1977).
• 1985 Volcano Nevado del Ruiz Colombia erupts, 1 000s killed.
• 1990 Philippines hit by typhoon, 110 die.
• 1991 Michael Jackson’s “Black or White” video premieres on FOX TV.
• 1994 First trains for public run in Channel Tunnel under English Channel
• 1997 Disney’s “Lion King” sets Broadway record of $2 700 000 daily sale.
• 2001 “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” the first film adaptation of the books by J. K. Rowling, is released starring Daniel Radcliffe.
• 2002 Film “Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets” is released, based on the second book by J. K. Rowling.
• 2006 “Casino Royale”, 21st James Bond film premieres in London, starring Daniel Craig for the first time and Eva Green, premieres in London.
• 2012 CFBDSIR 2149-0403 is discovered, the closest rogue planet to earth (100 light-years away)
• 2012 “The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 2”, based on the book by Stephenie Meyer, directed by Bill Condon, starring Kristen Stewart and Robert Pattinson, is released
• 2013 Boston gangster Whitey Bulger is sentenced to two consecutive life terms plus five years for his crimes
• 2016 7.8 earthquake cuts off town of Kaikoura, New Zealand, raising sea bed by 4m, and killing two people.

• 2016 “Moana” animated Disney film directed by Ron Clements and John Musker with voices by Auli’i Cravalho and Harry Potter premieres in Los Angeles.

Samantha Keogh

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